The new and liberal interpretation of the fundamental rights found in Part III and the Directive Principles of State Policy in Part IV of the Constitution of India. They are drawn from the revolutionary documents like the American Bill of Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Articles 32 and 226 of the Constitution that give power to any citizen to move the Supreme Court or High Courts wherever there is an infringement of a fundamental right ? PIL’s are entertained on issues like basic amenities such as roads, water, medicines, electricity, primary school, primary health center, bus service, etc, Rehabilitation of displaced persons, Identification and rehabilitation of bonded and child labourers, Illegal detention of arrested persons, Torture of persons in police custody etc.

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